It's or Its

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Present Continuous


Describing people

Exercise (download and print)

Simple Present

Exercise (download and print)

Personal pronouns

Personal pronouns represent specific people or things. We use them depending on:

•number: singular (eg: I) or plural (eg: we)
•person: 1st person (eg: I), 2nd person (eg: you) or 3rd person (eg: he)
•gender: male (eg: he), female (eg: she) or neuter (eg: it)
•case: subject (eg: we) or object (eg: us)

We use personal pronouns in place of the person or people that we are talking about. My name is John but when I am talking about myself I almost always use "I" or "me", not "John". When I am talking direct to you, I almost always use "you", not your name. When I am talking about another person, say Peter, I may start with "Peter" but then use "he" or "him". And so on.

Exercise (download and print)

What do you do everyday?

Exercise 1
Exercise 2

What did you do yesterday?

The Legend of Saint George

What nationality are you?


Using Possessive Pronouns and Adjectives

A possessive pronoun is used instead of a noun:

Julie's car is red. Mine is blue.

A possessive adjective is usually used to describe a noun, and it comes before it, like other adjectives:

My car is bigger than her car.

There are no apostrophes in possessive pronouns and adjectives.

The dog wagged its tail.

“It's” is not a possessive pronoun or adjective — it means “it is”:

It's not my dog.

Exercise 1
Exercise 2

Possessive Pronouns and Adjectives

A versus An

How do you know when to use the indefinite articles?
"A" goes before all words that begin with consonants.

•a cat
•a dog
•a purple onion
•a buffalo
•a big apple
With one exception: Use "an" before unsounded h.

•an honorable peace
•an honest error
"An" goes before all words that begin with vowels:

•an apricot
•an egg
•an Indian
•an orbit
•an uprising
With two exceptions: When u makes the same sound as the y in you, or o makes the same sound as w in won, then a is used.

•a union
•a united front
•a unicorn
•a used napkin
•a U.S. ship
•a one-legged man



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